Quality assurance is as important to a website as the development to ensure that the website does not fail in any part of the functionality when it is given to the users.
A website that fails when users use it will cost a great deal to businesses and the worst part is that the users lose trust in it.
Why should we use a checklist for testing?
Without planning, you might tend to miss out some of the functionalities while assuring the quality of the site.
Preparing a checklist by oneself from the scratch is time-consuming and strenuous when you are a part of a large project.
It is highly required to have a checklist so that you can take a chill pill that no feature is missed out from testing and the quality is.
Web application development companies follow a detailed list of quality checklists that help them to ensure that the website does not have any loopholes when it is up and running.
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Here’s a checklist curated for you which covers all the main features to be tested in a web application.
Usability testing is conducted to check if the UI of the website is displayed correctly as intended and if the site is usable to the end user. If a new user logs into the application, it must be easy for him to navigate and use the site effectively.
If a new user logs into the application, it must be easy for him to navigate and use the site effectively.
• Do the hyperlink colors match to the standard color that is universally used?
• Does the field background display in the correct color?
• Does the field prompt display in the right color?
• Does the screen and field colors display correctly for non-editable mode?
• Does the site use standard link colors?
• Do all the buttons display in standard format and size?
• Does the general screen background displayed in the planned color?
• Do the page background colors display in a distraction-free tone?
• Does the font style remain same throughout the web application?
• Are all the screen prompts displayed in the right font style?
• Does content remain same when you navigate between pages?i.e. navigating to a page and returning to the previous page.
• Are all he texts aligned properly
• Are the texts in all fields displayed in the intended font style?
• Are all the headings aligned to the left according to the standards?
• Does the text display in sentence case?
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• Check for the alignment of images in the web application
• Are the images throughout the application optimized for size?
• Are other graphics in the application optimized for quick downloads?
• Are all the button graphics matching throughout the application?
• Does text wrap properly around pictures/graphics
• Does the screen navigation work as intended?
• Does a scrollbar appear wherever scrolling is required?
• Does the Tab Order specified on the screen go in sequence from Top Left to bottom right (navigation done by pressing tab key)?
• Is there a link to the homepage on every single page?
• On loading, a page does the tab focus display on the first editable field
• When an error message occurs does the focus return to the field in error when the user cancels it?
• Are all the field prompts spell checked?
• Are fonts legible to the user?
• Are names in command button & option box names, not abbreviations.
• Can the user run the system without any hassle?
• Do the pages print legibly without cutting off text?
• Does the site convey a clear sense of its intended audience?
• Does the site have a consistent, clearly recognizable “look-&-feel”?
Functionality testing is done to check if a software application performs and functions as intended.
The functionalities are tested and checked if it is working according to design specifications.
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• Validate all mandatory fields
• Look for “*” asterisk sign in all the mandatory fields.
• Check if there is an error message displayed for optional fields.
• Check if leap years given as inputs are validated correctly without any errors.
• Check if the numeric fields do not accept the alphabets and proper error message are displayed.
• Check if the negative numbers are allowed for numeric fields.
• Check if the division by zero has been handled properly for calculations.
• Check the max length of every field to ensure the data is not truncated.
• Check if the pop-up messages display a character maximum limit error message if the data entered exceeds the maximum limit.
• Check for the confirmation messages that display for the update and delete operations asking “Are you sure that you want to delete/update (Item name) item”.
• Check if the amount values display in currency format.
• Check all input fields for special characters.
• Check if the timeout functionality works properly.
• Check if the Sorting functionality works properly.
• Check if the buttons available does the intended action.
Data verification and validation
• Check if all the uploaded documents are opening properly.
• Check if the user can download the uploaded files.
• Check the email functionality of the system.
• Check what happens if a user deletes cookies while on the site.
• Check what happens if a user deletes cookies after visiting a site.
• Check if the data inside combo/list box is arranged in chronological order all over the application.
• Check that all the links in the page take you to the correct page.
• Check that there are no broken links in the page.
• Check if the external links redirect to valid and correct pages
• Check if all email ID’s and hyperlinks are working and highlighted.
• Check the user gets redirected to the custom 404 error page in case of clicking the link to any page that does not exist.
Web security testing
This is a very important testing that is inevitable for a website. This test checks the system for common vulnerabilities such as SQL injection and cross-site scripting (XSS).
If a web application is vulnerable, it becomes a prey for a lot of hackers to defame it.
To avoid loss of reputation and save it from the hands of hackers, it is important to conduct a web security testing on the site.
It accesses risks and other security threats that might be possible in the site and finds it in an early stage before it reaches the users.
• Check if the web page contains important data like password, credit card numbers, secret answers for security question etc. are submitted via HTTPS (SSL).
• Check if the password, credit card numbers etc. are displayed in an encrypted format.
• Check for SQL Injection for any page in your application that accepts user-entered information to access a database
• Check if the password rules are implemented on all authentications that accept the password.
• Check user should not be able to login with the old password after changing the password.
• Check if there is a restriction on a number of forgot password requests sent per day.
• Check if the error messages do not display any important information.
• When an action of Log out from the system or user session was expired, the user should not be able to enter the site without logging in again.
• Check if the “View Source code” option is disabled and not be visible to the user.
• Check if the user account gets locked out if the user enters the password more than thrice
• Check if the cookies do not store passwords.
• Check when, any functionality fails, the system should not display any secret information. Instead, it should display the custom 404 error page.
• Check for SQL injection attacks.
• Check if the session values are in an encrypted format in the address bar.
• Check if the cookie information is stored in encrypted format.
• Test the application for Brute Force Attacks
Database testing is used to test if the integrated web application and the database works in cohesion with each other and delivers the intended results.
• Check if the service failures are handled.
• Check if all indexes are created.
• Validate that DB tables are created with appropriate name adhering to the naming convention.
• Perform your tests on different versions of the same database (SQL 2005, 2008, 2012 etc.).
• Validate the software security model like User roles, permissions etc.
• Check how the system behaves on data migrations (Different Database, Cluster, etc.).
• Check how the system behaves against SQL injections.
• Validate data to DB when the server is loaded.
• Check by working on the application when the database server is down.
• Validate restore and backup plans.
• Check that all columns are set with the correct data type (Bigint, int, string Etc.)
• Check that all data is logically organized in the correct DB tables.
• Check that each data item is located under the relevant column.
• Check if there is any irrelevant data in the software dedicated tables?
• Check that each table contains the relevant data.
• Check how the system reacts with invalid database values as input.
• Verify if the data is encrypted.
• Check if the column allows a null or not.
• Check if “Allow Null” leads to system crash
• Verify the Primary and foreign key of each table.
• Check if mandatory fields are created in case there is involvement of multiple tables that overlap same field value.
• Check if the data affected by the procedure is changed as expected.
• Check if all stored procedures are working properly.
• Check by giving various date inputs.
• Check if there is proper error handling for a failed procedure?
• Check for the procedure’s parameters
• Test the stored procedure while executing the code manually.
• Validate important code with SQL profiler.
• Check if all the procedure names adhere to standards.
• Check for a crash by running the procedures with missing parameters.
Database and software integration
• Check if the data is saved in the database when the user submits it in the front end.
• Try to insert “NULL” values on fields that aren’t supposed to receive it.
• Check if the user gets the correct result for the action performed.
• Check by giving wrong data type for a field.
• Check that there are no empty spaces in the database.
• Validate that the values displayed based on the database data.
• Try to insert values that exceed the field boundaries.
• Check for data integrity after the application fails when the user submits a data to the database.
• Check if the “Roll Back” option is available when the DB fails in between a transaction.
With this web application testing checklist, you can add your own points according to your creativity and test it.
A tester should always think from the user perspective and ways to break an application. Add in your perspective and create a better checklist.
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